For the forty-five-year history of the Jerusalem School, communicating the "Methodology of the Jerusalem School" has never officially taken place. The individual members have stated their view of the methodology in print, outsiders have expounded on aspects of how they perceived the JS methodology, but it has never been officially stated.
As time permits, we will begin to disclose the various elements and nuances of this methodology. This is not to say that it is some hidden secret, but the complexity of describing the methodology is much more difficult than utilizing the methodology. Putting forth our assumptions is the first step in the direction of presenting the JS's methodology.
Three Assumptions of the Jerusalem School
As they approach the accounts of Matthew, Mark and Luke, members of the Jerusalem School of Synoptic Research make three basic assumptions, namely, the importance of the Hebrew language, the relevance of Jewish culture, and the need to rethink current approaches to the Synoptic Gospels.
1. HEBREW LANGUAGE:
Hebrew was a living language in first-century Israel.
2. JEWISH CULTURE:
The Synoptic Gospels must be interpreted within the context of first-century
Judaism; and they, in turn, contribute to our understanding of first-century
3. SYNOPTIC GOSPELS:
Tracing the linguistic and cultural data within the Synoptic Gospels
leads to insights into their literary relationships